Please take a moment and listen to the introductory video on your left. Then, view the video below and follow the instructions for the quiz.

The video below from the Psychedelic Science in the 21st Century is available for continuing education credit through the co-sponsorhip of the Mulitdisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies and the Spiritual Competency Resource Center for many physicians, psychologists, social workers, MFTs, nurses and other healthcare professionals.


    1. Watch the video on your left. There is no charge for viewing the video
    2. Answer the questions below.
    3. When finished, press the Score My Quiz button. After that you will have an option to checkout and print your CE certificate.*
    4. To view CE information click here

Michael Montagne Ph.D., Metaphors and Meanings: How We Interpret and Understand Psychedelic Drug Experiences

Course Presenter(s):
Author(s): Michael Montagne, B.Sc., M.A., Ph.D. | (click author name for biography)

Course Description: Psychedelic drug experiences are unique, malleable, highly variable, often tacit and profound in nature. The neuropharmacological changes produced by psychedelic drugs require perception, interpretation, description, and comprehension, in order for the experience to have significance for the user. Social context and reason for use can direct the types of effects that are experienced and described, whether medical-therapeutic, creative, spiritual, or destructive. Studies of metaphors and meanings in drug use suggest that meaning is a powerful component in drug-taking behaviors and plays a key role in how a drug is portrayed in society. Metaphors for the psychedelic drug experience are presented and described. Guidance on employing metaphors in therapeutic and other contexts is provided with the goal of improving beneficial outcomes from psychedelic drug use.
Biography of Presenter:
Michael Montagne, B.Sc., M.A., Ph.D., is Professor of Social Pharmacy and Senior Associate Dean at the Massachusetts College of Pharmacy & Health Sciences. Educated in pharmacy and sociology at the University of Minnesota, he then received postdoctoral training in psychiatric epidemiology at Johns Hopkins University. He has contributed articles on psychedelic drugs to publications as diverse as the Journal of Psychedelic Drugs, International Journal of the Addictions, Integration, the MAPS Newsletter, Psychozoic Press, and Psychedelic Monographs & Essays and book chapters for Tom Lyttle’s Psychedelics, Julie Holland’s Ecstasy: A Complete Guide, Michael Winkelman and Thomas Roberts’ Psychedelic Medicine, and Dale Jacquette’s Cannabis & Philosophy. His primary research interests are the meaning of drug effects, the social pharmacology of drug-taking experiences, and the process by which knowledge about drugs and their effects is socially constructed.

Michael Montagne-Metaphors & Meanings: How We Interpret and Understand Psychedelic Drug Experiences from MAPS: Psychedelic Science on Vimeo.

True/False Comprehension Quiz

The placebo effect is an example of a substance failing to act on the molecular-cellular level of experience, but demonstrating active effects at the personal-behavioral level.
Set and setting during a psychedelic experience have a negligible influence on how the meaning of the experience is perceived by the user.
According to Dr. Montagne, the variety of descriptive metaphors used to describe the psychedelic experience has been steadily increasing over time.
Metaphorical pharmacology is a term used to describe how users interpret the effects of a medicine by relating it to more familiar experiences from their lives.

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